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Beijing Winter Olympics goes carbon neutral

It is also a solemn commitment made by Beijing when it joined hands with Zhangjiakou to bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics. Low Carbon Management Report for the Winter Olympic Games (Pre-Games)” (hereinafter referred to as the “Report”). The Report systematically presents the work related to the carbon management of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, focusing on the carbon neutral methodology of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, greenhouse gas emission baseline, actual preparatory process emissions, the effectiveness of low carbon management measures, the construction of forestry carbon sink projects, and corporate sponsorship of certified carbon emission reductions. After comprehensive calculations, the carbon emissions generated by the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics will all be neutralized.

Beijing Winter Olympics carbon emissions to be fully neutralized

At the early stage of preparation and hosting, the baseline greenhouse gas emissions of the Beijing Winter Olympics will be about 1.637 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent according to the relevant carbon footprint methodologies at home and abroad. According to the actual situation of preparing and holding the Beijing Winter Olympics under the epidemic, the current revised baseline emissions are about 1.306 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.On June 23, 2019, International Olympic Day, the “Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games and Winter Paralympic Games Low Carbon Management Work Program” was officially released to the public, proposing 4 low-carbon energy, low-carbon venues, low-carbon transportation, and the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee taking the lead in 18 measures in 4 aspects, such as low-carbon energy, low-carbon venues, low-carbon transportation, and the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee taking the lead, in order to minimize carbon emissions generated by the Beijing Winter Olympic Games. At the same time, carbon offsetting measures such as carbon sequestration in forestry, independent action by enterprises and carbon inclusion system have been proposed. Since the release of the Low Carbon Plan, the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee has been working closely with the Beijing and Hebei governments to promote the implementation of the measures and has achieved positive results

First, all the venues have achieved green power supply. The Zhangbei flexible DC power grid pilot demonstration project will be put into operation in 2020 to transmit renewable energy from Zhangjiakou area to Beijing in a safe and efficient manner, fully meeting the electricity demand of the Winter Olympic venues in Beijing and Zhangjiakou area. The establishment of cross-regional green power trading mechanism, through the green power trading platform, will achieve 100% use of green power in all venues at the time of the tournament.

Second, all venues will meet green building standards. All new indoor venues have reached the three-star green building standard, and existing indoor venues have reached the two-star green building standard through energy-saving renovation. The innovative organization has formulated the “Green Snow Sports Venue Evaluation Standard”, and all the new snow sports venues of the Beijing Winter Olympics meet the standard. At the same time, the Beijing Winter Olympics used carbon dioxide refrigerant with a global warming potential (GWP) of 1 and ozone depletion potential (ODP) of 0 in four ice venues, which is the first time this technology is used in the Winter Olympics.

Third, to build a low-carbon transportation system during the games. According to the principle of “using electricity in the plains and hydrogen in the mountains”, electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles were promoted in each competition area. At the same time, the “Traffic Resource Management System” was built to realize real-time monitoring and unified command of traffic operation during the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, which greatly improved traffic organization and operation efficiency during the event.

Fourth, the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee took the lead in demonstrating. The Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee has moved into the Shougang Industrial Theme Park, comprehensively utilizing and transforming the waste factory buildings, making full use of photovoltaic power generation, solar lighting, rainwater collection and utilization technologies, and building a green and high-standard Shougang office area for the Winter Olympic Organizing Committee, which not only meets the office needs of the Winter Olympic Organizing Committee, but also plays a role in promoting the transformation and development of Shougang.

Fifth, the two governments donated forestry carbon sinks. The Beijing Municipal Government and Zhangjiakou Municipal Government completed 710,000 mu of new round of one million mu afforestation and greening project and 500,000 mu of Beijing-Hebei ecological water source protection forest construction project respectively, and commissioned professional institutions to complete the monitoring and certification of the corresponding carbon sinks, with certified carbon sinks of 530,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent and 570,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent respectively. The Beijing Municipal Government and the Hebei Provincial Government donated all the above carbon sinks to the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee free of charge.

Sixth, enterprises sponsored the certified carbon emission reductions. Three official partners of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, including PetroChina, State Grid and Three Gorges Group, actively supported the carbon neutral work of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games by sponsoring 200,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent carbon sinks to the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee in the form of certified carbon emission reductions.

In short, through the joint efforts of all parties, all carbon emissions of the Beijing Winter Olympic Games will be neutralized, and the goal of “holding a carbon neutral Winter Olympic Games” will be achieved as scheduled.

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Silicon price drops to 180,000 yuan per ton

Earlier this year, several institutions gave the national new PV installation 75GW +, the global new PV installation 220GW + market expectations, an important basis is 2022, silicon supply (domestic production + overseas imports) is expected to reach 850,000 tons. According to Sobi PV net calculations, these silicon materials are expected to meet nearly 300GW module production. Especially in the fourth quarter, a single quarter supply of more than 300,000 tons, when silicon prices may appear more substantial decline.

But the first month of the year, the upstream price increase behavior apparently let everyone surprised. According to the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association Silicon Branch statistics, over the past four weeks, prices of different grades of silicon have risen by nearly 10,000 yuan per ton. At the same time, just in January, Longi, Central two leading enterprises of silicon wafers were two rounds of price increases, the rate of increase far more than the cost of silicon material price increases. Among them, 166 wafer prices rose by a cumulative maximum of 8.16%, 182 wafers rose by a cumulative maximum of 12.28%, 210 wafers rose by a cumulative 11.04%.

A number of industry experts said that the reason for this situation is that the end of the domestic and foreign terminal demand, combined with the Spring Festival holiday some manufacturers to increase inventory, as shown by the battery, module enterprises to enhance the willingness to purchase, silicon wafer enterprises to take advantage of the opportunity to increase prices. “In fact, the silicon wafer link overcapacity is more serious than the battery, module, beyond the global terminal demand of about double. Silicon wafer prices are expected to be difficult to maintain at the current level for a long time, and price cuts are the general trend. It is recommended that the relevant enterprises in each segment reasonably control their inventories to ensure subsequent profit margins.”

Silicon material needs to be reduced to 180,000 yuan/ton to ensure market demand throughout the year

According to Sobi Consulting statistics, in December 2021, the top five silicon enterprises produced 41,400 tons in total, with a comprehensive capacity utilization rate of 112.6%. In terms of silicon wafers, the two head enterprises’ start-up rate returned to more than 50%, and the integrated enterprises’ start-up rate was relatively high. In December last year, domestic silicon wafer production was 17.85GW, down 8.6% YoY. According to the production ranking, Longi, JinkoSolar, Zhonghuan, Shangji and JA ranked in the top five, with a total production of 12.35GW, accounting for 69.19% and an integrated utilization rate of 67.81%. Although there is a view that the actual capacity utilization rate of Zhonghuan is higher than the above data, the overall view is that the high prices in the upstream of the industry chain have affected the terminal demand and counteracted the upstream.

It is revealed that a few days ago there have been a number of power investment enterprises began to readjust the layout of new energy projects in 2022, more choice of wind power to complete the renewable energy investment requirements. In this regard, a number of senior practitioners told Sobi PV network, behind this decision, there are local government “resources for industry” requirements under the helpless, there are land rent, tax costs (including subsequent taxation may) concerns, there are annual utilization hours, the number of hours of trading calculations, but also the cost of photovoltaic systems in 2022 can not be reduced to The expected level of concern. “According to the 6.5% annualized rate of return measurement, in a class I resource area, the overall cost of PV system with energy storage shall not exceed 4.5 yuan / W, the PV itself can not exceed the cost of 4 yuan / W, component purchase price is best controlled at 1.8 yuan / W or less.”

How about the actual purchase price? According to the PV price index released by Sobi Consulting before the Chinese New Year, the average price of monocrystalline 166 double-sided modules purchased by ground power station projects in January reached 1.84 yuan / W, 182, 210 double-sided modules reached 1.86 yuan / W and 1.88 yuan / W. At the same time, some analysts pointed out that, due to the domestic 2022 collection of bids from various enterprises have been launched, overseas, especially India, Europe and other The market appears stocking demand, February component transaction prices may have a small increase. “If the first half of the silicon price can not drop to 180,000 yuan / ton, the domestic H1 new installed capacity may not meet expectations, which means that the end demand are piled up to the second half of the year, is not conducive to a steady decline in prices.”

What to solve the problem, the only way to reduce prices. Only upstream to further release capacity, lower prices, in order to fully open the PV market demand, revitalize the entire industry chain, especially so that new production capacity has a place to use, to avoid a massive surplus. According to the above analysts predictions, the first half of this year, silicon prices down to 180,000 yuan / ton, in the case of unchanged profit distribution of the links, component prices can be lower than the current 0.13-0.15 yuan / W. Considering that the market share of large-size components in 2022 will have a further increase, which is conducive to reducing system costs and improve project revenue, which means that more PV projects can be the level of yield Meet the internal requirements of central and state-owned enterprises, and can be implemented on the ground. This means that more PV projects can meet the internal requirements of central and state-owned enterprises and can be implemented.